gansui root

We share with you a traditional Chinese medicine – Gansui. Gansui is the most commonly used traditional Chinese medicine. “Shen Nong’s Materia Medica” is listed as the lower grade.

Alias: Zhu Tian, ​​Chong Ze, Gan Gao, Ling Gao, Gan Ze, Ku Ze, Bai Ze, Gui Chou, Ling Ze, Swollen Hand Flower Root, Nine-headed Lion Grass, Huagu Dan, Swollen Hand Flower, Headache flower, cat’s eye.
Source: It is the dried root tuber of Kansui, a perennial succulent herb of Euphorbiaceae.
Origin: Mainly produced in Weinan, Sanyuan, Shanxi, Tianshui, Gansu, Luoyang, Henan and other places. In addition, Hubei and Shanxi are also produced.
Character identification: tuberous roots are bead-shaped, spindle-shaped or irregular rod-shaped, about 2 to 6 cm long, about 0.5 to 1.5 cm in diameter, and the surface is white or yellowish white (the outer cork has been knocked off). Brown spots appear on the unremoved outer cork. Chen Jiu turned red and yellow. Hard and easy to break. Broken flour, the bark is white, accounting for about 1/2 of the radius, and the xylem is light yellow. The xylem of the powdery foot is yellow after soaking with water. Slightly sweet and pungent in taste, with lasting irritation.
It is better to be plump and plump, white in color, and powdery feet.
Main ingredients: Contains triterpenoids, including d-euphorbiol, r-euphorbiol and so on.
Efficacy and role: 1. Diarrhea: The diarrhea-causing components of Kansui strongly stimulate the intestinal mucosa, causing inflammatory congestion and peristalsis, etc., resulting in severe diarrhea/large side effects, such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dizziness, palpitations , blood pressure drop, sometimes unbearable for patients, should be used with caution.
2, diuretic.
Concoction: Vinegar.
Taste: Bitter cold, poisonous.
Meridian: Enters the kidney, lung and large intestine meridian.
Functions: diarrhea and swelling, reduce swelling and disperse knots.
Indications: edema, accumulation of phlegm.
Attachment: Anti-licorice.
Clinical application: 1. It is mainly used for attacking pleural effusion. The testimonial is the same as the application of Altair, only for those who are strong and strong.
1. For the treatment of liver cirrhosis ascites. With ginseng (or Codonopsis pilosula), insect shoot tips, black morning glory, agarwood, cinnamon and other water medicines and qi-invigorating medicines, the effect of reducing swelling is good.
2. It is used for the treatment of pleural effusion caused by exudative pleurisy. In the acute stage, if there are both symptoms of real heat: hot flashes, pain, constipation, dry mouth and thirst, and upset, it is a “chest knot” syndrome. Then the effect is not enough, it must be mixed with rhubarb and Yuanming powder, which is like Daxianxiong soup.
3, for the treatment of nephritis edema (acute and chronic nephritis can be). 6g kansui, grind it into powder, put it into the boar loin (kidney), wrap it with bamboo paper, moisten the bamboo paper with water, then simmer it with fire, cut the pork loin into 7 pieces after simmering, take 1 per day After taking 4 to 5 tablets, the swelling will begin to disappear.
Precautions for use: 1. Contraindicated for pregnant women. Generally, they should be discontinued after taking it when they are cured. 2. It is advisable to use simmered kansui or vinegar to reduce side effects such as vomiting after simmering. After the action of acetic acid, the toxic and stimulating effect of kansui can be reduced. The toxicity and laxative effect of raw kansui are strong, so it is not suitable for application; 3. Kansui, coriander flower and spurge, traditional experience should avoid compatibility with licorice, but the modern preliminary experimental results are still very inconsistent. Some reports pointed out that, according to rabbit experiments, kansui (or coriander, spurge) combined with licorice did not produce any special changes in respiration, heartbeat, body temperature, pupillary response, and gastrointestinal function after taking it, but other experiments proved that The compatibility of kansui and licorice varies with the dosage ratio.
The dosage is mostly used as a pill, the powder is 0.3~0.6g each time, and a maximum of 0.9~1.5g is put into a capsule and swallowed, otherwise nausea and vomiting may occur. It can also be boiled in water (the usual amount is 1.5-3g), but the effect is generally unsatisfactory, and sometimes 4-12g may not necessarily have a cathartic effect. Modern experiments have confirmed that the active ingredients of kansui are insoluble in water. Traditional Chinese medicine practitioners, so there is a scientific basis for predecessors not to use kansui decoction.
Prescription example: Daxianxiong Decoction (“Treatise on Febrile Diseases”): 9g of rhubarb, 15g of Yuanming powder, 0.9g of simmered kansui (powdered into capsules), first boil rhubarb, then add Yuanmingfen, cook for a while , After the second boil, take Gan Sui Mo.

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