An epiphyte is an organism that grows on the surface of a plant and derives its moisture and nutrients from the air, rain, water (in marine environments) or from debris accumulating around it. Epiphytes take part in nutrient cycles and add to both the diversity and biomass of the ecosystem in which they occur, like any other organism. They are an important source of food for many species. Typically, the older parts of a plant will have more epiphytes growing on them. Epiphytes differ from parasites in that they grow on other plants for physical support and do not necessarily affect the host negatively. An organism that grows on another organism that is not a plant may be called an epibiont. Epiphytes are usually found in the temperate zone (e.g., many mosses, liverworts, lichens, and algae) or in the tropics (e.g., many ferns, cacti, orchids, and bromeliads). Epiphyte species make good houseplants due to their minimal water and soil requirements. Epiphytes provide a rich and diverse habitat for other organisms including animals, fungi, bacteria, and myxomycetes.Epiphyte is one of the subdivisions of the Raunkiær system.
The term epiphytic derives from the Greek epi- (meaning ‘upon’) and phyton (meaning ‘plant’).
We share with you a Chinese herbal medicine – taking root.
(“Lingnan Collecting Herbs”)
[Synonyms] Tusanqi, Yesheng (“Plant Names and Real Maps”), Ye Baoya (“Luchuan Materia Medica”), thick-faced skin, crude drugs, Injury medicine (“Nanning City Medicine Chronicle”), can not be beaten to death, leaves rooted, sunless (“Guangxi Traditional Chinese Medicine Chronicle”), ancient lantern, bridal lamp (“Southern Fujian Folk Herbal Medicine”), sky lantern, gun knife grass (“Quanzhou Chinese Medicine Chronicle”) The Book of Classics), Great Boils, Great Rejuvenation (Xiamen “New Therapy and Selected Chinese Herbal Medicine”).
【The source of rooting in the ground】It is the whole grass or root of the sedum plant that takes root on the ground.
【Plant form with rooting on the ground】Rooting on the ground
Perennial succulent herb, up to 1 meter. Stems erect, articulate, lower part gray, slightly lignified, upper part purplish red, densely covered with pale yellow oval lenticels. Opposite leaves, simple or pinnate compound leaves; compound leaves with 3-5 leaflets, oval-shaped leaflets, traditional Chinese medicine, 5-16 cm long, 2.5-10 cm wide, rounded at both ends, and bluntly serrated edges , purple, with inconspicuous lateral veins; petiole purple, 2.5-5 cm long, broad and flat at the base, semi-clasping. Cymes attached to branch tops or leaf axils, flowers bisexual, drooping; bracts 2, leaf-like; calyx tube swollen and tubular, papery, with purple markings on the outside, apex 4-lobed, lobes broadly triangular; corolla urn-shaped , the base is spherical, the middle is contracted, the upper part is enlarged, the apex is 4-lobed, and the lobes extend out of the calyx tube, which is purple-red; stamens 8, 2 whorls, the base of the filament is connate with the corolla tube, the anthers are purple; the pistil is 4, the base of each There is a scale on the outside, the ovary is green, smooth and glabrous, the style is unequal in length, and the stigma is not obvious. 4 Follicles. Seeds are numerous. The flowering period is from February to May. The fruiting period is from March to June.
Distributed in Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian, Taiwan, Yunnan and other places.
【Collection of ground roots】It can be harvested all year round.
【Chemical composition of roots in the ground】The leaves contain malic acid, citric acid, isocitrate, fumaric acid, vitamin C, quercetin-3-diarabinoside, astragaloside, and o- and β-balsam resin alcohol, sitosterol, etc.
【Pharmacological effects of terrestrial root】The decoction of leaves and stems of terrestrial root from India has a very significant excitatory effect on the isolated guinea pig ileum, and the water extract (with alcohol to remove the precipitate) has a slightly weaker effect, but the two It has no obvious effect on isolated rabbit duodenum and rat uterus. The decoction has inhibitory effect on isolated rabbit heart, and the water extract has weak effect. In the rat hindlimb perfusion test, the water extract has no obvious effect. Anesthetized dogs were intravenously injected with 0.1 g crude drug/kg, and the decoction and water extract had no significant effect on blood pressure; mice were intraperitoneally injected with 1 g crude drug/kg, and the animals (2 in each group) died within 24 hours.
【The nature and taste of rooting in the ground】Sour, cold.
①”Luchuan Materia Medica”: “cold in nature, sour taste.”
②”Nanning City Medicine Chronicle”: “bitter, cold.”
③”Guangxi Traditional Chinese Medicine Chronicle”: “light in taste, cold in nature .”
④ “Quanzhou Materia Medica”: “Sweet and mild in taste, cold in nature.”
【Returning to the root of the ground】”Quanzhou Materia Medica”: “Into the lung and kidney two meridians.”
【Falling and rooting Indications: cooling blood, hemostasis, swelling, detoxification. Treatment of vomiting blood, bleeding from knife wounds, stomach pain, joint pain, sore throat; mammary carbuncle, furuncle, ulcer, scald.
①”Plant name and real map test”: “cool blood, stop vomiting blood.”
②”Lingnan Herbs Collection”: “Apply sore poison, can remove poison.”
③ “Luchuan Materia Medica”: “Hemostasis, anti-inflammatory, and muscle regeneration. Treats bleeding from cuts, sores and carbuncles, scalds, and otitis media.” Red and swollen, hot eyes over the film (add borneol); root: take orally to treat cough due to lung heat (cook pork).”
【Usage and Dosage of Rooting】Oral: Decoction, fresh leaves 1-2 taels, root 1- 2 money. External application: smashed for application, mixed with dried juice and dried powder, or gargle with smashed juice.
【Prescriptions and Taboos for Rooting Roots】《Quanzhou Materia Medica》: “Contraindicated for those with deficiency of the spleen and stomach.”
【Prescriptions for Rooting Roots】①Treatment of traumatic bleeding: Rooting Roots and fresh leaves are smashed and applied to the affected area. (“Fujian Chinese Herbal Medicine”)
②Treatment of boils, carbuncle, unknown swollen poison: one to two taels of fresh roots and fresh leaves. Mash the juice, mix it with honey and drink it, and apply the residue to the affected area.
③Treatment of sore throat: 5 to 10 fresh leaves with roots and roots. Juice, gargle.
④Treatment of mastitis: one to two taels of fresh leaves and roots. Mash and apply to the affected area. (2) “Quanzhou Materia Medica” below the square)
⑤Ulcer treatment: 1 catty of leaf bursting buds (raw mashed juice and sun-dried, used for taking powder), 5 points of plum slices. A total of powder, mixed with the affected area. (“Lu Chuan Materia Medica”)
⑥ Treatment of bruises and vomiting blood: seven pieces of fresh leaves rooted on the ground. Mash and grind the juice, mix wine, also sugar, stew and serve warm.
⑦Treatment of heat-induced stomachache: Five pieces of fresh leaves rooted on the ground. Smash the juice and add a little salt.
⑧ Treatment of joint and elbow pain: one or two fresh whole grass with roots. Shuijianbi.
⑨Treatment of acute otitis media: drop the roots and fresh leaves, smash the juice and drop the ear. (6) “Fujian Chinese Herbal Medicine” is published below the side)