beautiful sweetgum fruit
American sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua), also known as American storax, hazel pine, bilsted, redgum, satin-walnut, star-leaved gum, alligatorwood, or simply sweetgum, is a deciduous tree in the genus Liquidambar native to warm temperate areas of eastern North America and tropical montane regions of Mexico and Central America. Sweet gum is one of the main valuable forest trees in the southeastern United States, and is a popular ornamental tree in temperate climates. It is recognizable by the combination of its five-pointed star-shaped leaves (similar to maple leaves) and its hard, spiked fruits. It is currently classified in the plant family Altingiaceae, but was formerly considered a member of the Hamamelidaceae.
== Names ==
This plant’s genus name Liquidambar was first given by Linnaeus in 1753 from the Latin liquidus (‘fluid’) and the Arabic ambar (‘amber’), in allusion to the fragrant terebinthine juice or gum which exudes from the tree. Its specific epithet styraciflua is an old generic name meaning ‘flowing with storax’ (a plant resin). The name “storax” has long been confusingly applied to the aromatic gum or resin of this species, that of L. orientalis of Turkey, and to the resin better known as benzoin from various tropical trees in the genus Styrax.
The sweetgum has a Nahuatl name, Ocotzocuahuitl, which translates to ‘tree that gives pine resin’ from ocotl (‘pine’), tzotl (‘resin’), cuahuitl (‘tree’), which refers to the use of the tree’s resin.The common name “sweet gum” refers to the species’ “sweetish gum”, contrasting with the black gum (Nyssa sylvatica), only distantly related, with which the sweet gum overlaps broadly in range. The species is also known as the “red gum”, for its reddish bark.
== History ==
The earliest known published record of Liquidambar styraciflua is in a work by Spanish naturalist Francisco Hernández published posthumously in 1615, in which he describes the species as a large tree producing a fragrant gum resembling liquid amber, whence the genus name Liquidambar.
We will share with you a blind Chinese medicine-Passepartout.
[Overview of Passepartout’s Traditional Chinese Medicine]
Passepartout, aliases: Fengshi, Fengguo, Maple Topping, Liquidambar formosana, Maple Fructus, Niu Kongzi, Langmu, Langyan, Maple Ball, Chinese Medicine Physician, it is the fruit of Liquidambar formosana, a tree plant in the witch hazel family. Bitter, flat. Return to the liver and stomach meridian.
1. Qi-invigoration and pain relief: used for arthralgia of limbs, stomach pain, hand-foot contracture, etc., can be used with Angelica, Chuanxiong, Duhuo, Morus sylvestris.
2. Promoting blood circulation and dredging collaterals: used for rheumatic arthralgia, irregular menstruation, low volume and abdominal distension, can be compatible with Xiangfu, Fuweizi, etc.
3. Diuresis to reduce swelling: used for edema, swelling, and carbuncle. Mange, eczema, etc.
4. Passing down the breast milk: used for the postpartum breast milk which is not enough, it can be used with pangolin and Wang Buliu Xing.
[Medicine Forms of Passepartout]
This product is a cluster of small capsules, with a spherical shape and a diameter of 2 to 3 cm. There are total fruit stalks at the base. The surface is gray-brown or brown, with many sharp spines and small blunt beak-like spines, 0.5-1mm long, often broken, and the top of the small capsule is cracked, showing honeycomb-shaped small holes. Lightweight, hard, not easy to break. Smell and tasteless.
[Efficacy of Lulutong] Lulutong clears the liver and regulates qi, and can also promote blood circulation and clear the collaterals. It is especially useful for patients with chronic stomach pain and blood stasis.
[The chemical composition of Passepartout] contains cinnamic acid, L-borneol, resin and volatile oil.
【Dosage and Usage of Passepartout】5-10g, decocted in water, or as a preparation.