Liquorice (British English) or licorice (American English) ( LIK-ər-is(h), ) is the common name of Glycyrrhiza glabra, a flowering plant of the bean family Fabaceae, from the root of which a sweet, aromatic flavouring can be extracted.
The liquorice plant is a herbaceous perennial legume native to Western Asia, North Africa and southern Europe. Botanically, it is not closely related to anise or fennel, which are sources of similar flavouring compounds. (Another such source, star anise, is even more distantly related from anise and fennel than liquorice, despite its similar common name.) Liquorice is used as a flavouring in candies and tobacco, particularly in some European and West Asian countries.
Liquorice extracts have been used in herbalism and traditional medicine. Excessive consumption of liquorice (more than 2 mg/kg per day of pure glycyrrhizinic acid, a liquorice component) may result in adverse effects, such as hypokalemia, increased blood pressure, muscle weakness, and death.
== Etymology ==
The word “liquorice”/”licorice”, via Anglo-French: lycorys, derived from late Latin: liquiritia, a corrupted latinization of the Koine Greek γλυκύρριζα, the name provided by Dioscorides. Γλυκύρριζα, glukurriza, means “sweet root”, from γλυκύς, glukus, ‘sweet’, and ῥίζα, rhiza, ‘root’. Modern Greek spelling of the genus is γλυκόριζα. Pliny latinized γλυκύρριζα as glycyrrhiza, hence its binomial name.
We will share with you a single Chinese medicine-licorice. Licorice, invigorating the spleen and qi, clearing away heat and detoxification, eliminating phlegm and relieving cough, relieving emergency and relieving pain, reconciling various medicines. It is used for weakness of the spleen and stomach, fatigue, palpitation, shortness of breath, licorice is sweet and gentle, can expectorant and relieve cough, and has the effect of nourishing the lungs. Therefore, it can be used for coughing regardless of cold and heat deficiency, internal and external feelings, long coughs and new coughs. use. Licorice is also commonly used to relieve food and drug poisoning.
Licorice is the dry root and rhizome of the legume licorice, Glycyrrhiza inflata or Glycyrrhiza glabra. Excavate in spring and autumn, remove the fibrous roots, and dry in the sun.
Licorice is sweet in taste and flat in nature. Guixin, lung, spleen, and stomach meridians. Invigorate the spleen and qi, clear away heat and detoxify, expectorant and relieve cough, relieve emergency and relieve pain, reconcile various medicines. It is used for weakness of the spleen and stomach, fatigue, palpitation, shortness of breath, licorice is sweet and gentle, can expectorant and relieve cough, and has the effect of nourishing the lungs. Therefore, it can be used for coughing regardless of cold and heat deficiency, internal and external feelings, long coughs and new coughs. use. Licorice can alleviate the toxicity and potency of drugs, and harmonize various drugs. Therefore, there is a clinical saying of “ten prescriptions and nine herbs”, and it is also often used to detoxify food and drugs. The daily dosage is 2-10g, decocted. There are two commonly used processed products. Raw licorice tends to clear away heat and detoxify, eliminate phlegm and relieve cough, sore throat, etc.; Roasted licorice is mainly used to invigorate the spleen and stomach, replenish qi and rejuvenate the pulse, and moisturize the lungs and relieve cough.
Caution when using licorice: Don’t use it if it is wet and full, or if you have nausea and vomiting. It should be used with caution in patients with various edema, nephropathy, hypertension, hypokalemia, congestive heart failure, etc. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that licorice is not suitable for combined use with quinine, atropine, ephedrine hydrochloride, etc.; there are also cardiac glycosides, glucocorticoids, thiazide diuretics, aspirin, and sodium salicylate. This does not mean that licorice is not safe, but that it is a manifestation of extensive research on the use of licorice.